All Formula 1 teams adhered to the cost caps last year, as the sports association has confirmed.
Media reports in Italy and Germany, then rejected by the FIA, had suggested in July that at least two of the F110 teams were in breach of the $140 million (£111.5 million) cap for 2022, with stiff penalties could calculate.
On Tuesday, the FIA confirmed that there had been no violations.
“The FIA Cost Cap Administration has issued certificates of compliance to all ten participants,” it said in a statement.
Reigning champions Red Bull were fined £5.5 million for a “minor overspending” in 2021, the first year of restrictions, and had their time in the wind tunnel reduced by 10 percent. Aston Martin was also fined £358,000 for a procedural breach.
“The review was an intensive and thorough process that began with a detailed analysis of the documentation submitted by competitors,” the FIA said.
“In addition, there was a comprehensive review of all non-Formula 1 activities undertaken by the teams, which included multiple on-site visits to team facilities and thorough audit procedures to assess financial compliance.”
The FIA said all teams “always acted in a spirit of good faith and cooperation throughout the process”.
Red Bull’s punishment last year was criticized by some competitors as not harsh enough. Ferrari boss Fred Vasseur last month called it “a big joke” and called for sporting penalties.
“A penalty like last year is really not serious,” the Frenchman said at the time. “A technical advantage becomes a sporting advantage.”
Red Bull won both titles last year and are enjoying a dominant period. Double world champion Max Verstappen took his tenth consecutive victory in Italy last weekend and the team is now unbeaten in 15 races.
The cost cap was introduced to curb spending and create a level playing field between the big teams and the smaller clubs.
https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/formula-one/f1-cost-cap-2022-b1105026.html There were no breaches of the F1 cost cap in 2022, despite claims that two teams were in trouble