Women with type 2 diabetes have 60% increased chance of early death – research

Women in the UK with type 2 diabetes have a 60% increased risk of early death and will live five years less than the average woman in the general population, early research shows.

Scientists have also found that men with the disease have a 44% increased risk of dying prematurely and live 4.5 years less.

The results also suggest that smoking shortens life expectancy by 10 years for people with type 2 diabetes, while being diagnosed at a younger age shortens life expectancy by more than eight years.

The findings, presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Stockholm, Sweden, are based on a cohort of nearly 12,000 patients at the Salford Royal Hospital in Salford.

dr Adrian Heald of Salford Royal Hospital said: “Our modeling suggests that type 2 diabetes has a greater impact on life expectancy for women, smokers and those diagnosed at a younger age.

“For example, a woman with type 2 diabetes may live five years less than the average woman in the general population, while someone diagnosed at a younger age may lose eight years in life expectancy.

It is vital that the highest-risk groups are made aware not only of the increased risk they face but also of the magnitude of the riskdr Adrian Heald

“It is vital that the highest risk groups are made aware not only of the increased risk they face but also of the magnitude of the risk.

“This can make the health advice they receive appear more relevant, helping them make changes that can improve their quality of life — and length.”

The researchers calculated the life expectancy of 11,806 patients with type 2 diabetes at Salford Royal Hospital over a 10-year period (2010-2020) and compared this to the life expectancy figures for the general population of the same age and sex.

The team also considered lifestyle and demographic factors that can affect life expectancy for people with type 2 diabetes.

The scientists found that the risk of early death was 84% ​​higher in diabetics than in the general population.

The results showed that a woman with type 2 diabetes was 60% more likely to die early than someone in the general population, while a man with the disease was 44% more likely to die prematurely.

Type 2 diabetes has been shown to have a greater impact on life expectancy in people diagnosed at a younger age, with those under the age of 65 having a 93% greater risk of early death – losing eight years of life expectancy.

The modeling also found that people with type 2 diabetes who smoked were 2.5 times more likely to die prematurely than people in the general population, shortening their lifespan by 10 years.

There are over 4.9 million people with diabetes in the UK, 90% of whom have type 2 diabetes.

Figures from Diabetes UK also show that around 13.6 million people are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

dr Commenting on the study, Lucy Chambers, Head of Research Communications at Diabetes UK, said the results “highlight that the impact of type 2 diabetes is not the same for everyone”.

She said: “Research like this is critical to better understand which groups of people with type 2 diabetes might benefit from tailored care to reduce their increased risk of complications and could help fill unacceptable gaps in relation in the future.” on health and life expectancy.

“While research like this can be alarming, it’s important to remember that with the right support, many cases of type 2 diabetes and its complications can be prevented or delayed, and that many people with the condition can live long and healthy lives life.”

https://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/uk/women-with-type-2-diabetes-have-60-increased-chance-of-early-death-research-42005434.html Women with type 2 diabetes have 60% increased chance of early death – research

Linh

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